Kliping Berita – Menjelang Kelahiran Kerajaan Arab Saudi

Kliping berita :  Ibn Saud menaklukkan Madinah Desember 1925 dari tangan Raja Ali bin Hussain sebagai respon dari upaya Syarif Hussain mengangkat dirinya menjadi khalifah setelah sebelumnya berkhianat ke Turki Utsmani dengan memerdekakan Hijaz th 1915. Bulan Januari 1926 Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud – Sultan Najed – mengumumkan dirinya sebagai kepala kerajaan Hejaz dan nantinya th 1932 Hejaz dan Najed (+Asir) akan dilebur menjadi kerajaan baru : ARAB SAUDI



The Jerusalem correspondence of the “Dally Express” states that the Wahhabis (a powerful Mohammedan sect) have captured Medina, in Arabia (one of the holy cities of the Mohammedans), defeating the Hedjaz army after a long siege: The Sultan, Ibnu Saud is now master of Central Arabia and in position to take Jeddah (on the Bed Sea, and 240 miles south east of Medina) unless British guns intervene

Mecca, which also is in the kingdom of the Hedjaz was occupied by the Wahhabis last year

The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 – 1933)



LONDON, Dec. 28. Reuter reports from Port Sudan that King Ali ibn Hussein has abdicated the throne of Hedjaz, in Arabia. [King Hussein of Hedjaz abdicated in favor of his son in October, 1924, after an unsuccessful religious war with the Sultan of Najd. Shortly-after his succession Ali evacuated the capital (Mecca) on pressure from the Wahhabis, who had been denied admittance to the sacred Mohammedan city for years.

Examiner (Launceston, Tas. : 1900 – 1954) Tue 22 Dec 1925


CAIRO, January 11. News horn Jeddah states that Ibn Saud has been proclaimed at Mecca King of the Hedjaz.

Early in the Great War the British Government guaranteed the autonomy of Hedjaz in the event of a successful revolt, and, on June 5, 1916, Hussein Ibn Ali, the Emir proclaimed his independence. In November, 1916, Emir Hussein issued a proclamation assuming the title of King of Hedjaz, and treaty of peace with Turkey recognized the Hedjaz as a free and independent State, the capital of which is Mecca. Great Britain paid the King a considerable subsidy to enable him to maintain independence and provide for pilgrimage.

During September, 1924, the Holly City of Mecca was subjected to an attack by the Wahabis, a sect of Puritan Moslems, under Ibn Saud, the Emir of Nejd, which is known as “the true home ot the Arabs” They strongly objected to the assumption of the title of caliph by Hussein on the deposition of the Sultan of Turkey. Ibn Sand himself declared. “None of us can accept Hussein as our leader. With the fall of Mecca, Hussein” abdicated on October 3,1924, and he was succeeded by his son, Ali Ibn Hussein, who carried on the warfare against Ibn Saud

The war fluctuated considerably, at one time being in favour of the Wahabis, and at other times with Ali. King Ali brought himself greatly into disfavor because he persisted in carrying on the fight during “the sacred months” of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, whereas his rival, Ibn Saud, who held control of Mecca, befriended the pilgrims fioin India, and gained much favour with Shaukat Ali, the president of the Central Khalifat Committee. In December last King Ali followed his father’s footsteps and abdicated. The whole business is very largely a local quarrel between the two rivals, With the annual pilgrimage, as a fortunate and opportune happening for Ibn Saud.
The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 – 1933)


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